Content analysis

Managing the Pandemic Our Way: A Qualitative Content Analysis of the Guidelines Issued by India’s Nationally Significant Apex Institutes (INIs) to Combat the COVID-19 Crisis

This article was originally published here

J Family Med Prim Care. 2021 Nov;10(11):4054-4065. doi: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_263_21. Published online November 29, 2021.


INTRODUCTION: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic wreaked havoc within weeks of its onset, affecting more than 100 countries. The rapid increase in established cases has called for the prevention and control of COVID-19 in a belligerent manner on national and global fronts to prevent the collapse of health systems. In order to successfully prevent and contain a deadly pandemic outbreak such as COVID-19, apex health institutions must have a uniform, urgent, flexible and effective policy response framework that also ensures strict adherence. In this regard, the Apex Institutes of National Importance in India (INI) have released a series of documents on the prevention and management of COVID-19.

METHODS: Materials regarding COVID-19 preparedness and management were retrieved from official websites of INIs in India. General population and healthcare worker guidelines, standard operating procedures (SOPs) on COVID-19 prevention and management, action and response plans were included in the study. The full text of each document was analyzed in detail and themes and sub-themes were derived through content analysis.

RESULTS: A total of 68 documents were included in the study. Five major themes and 12 sub-themes were formulated after content analysis. A major similarity was found across all INIs on screening and infection control and prevention measures. The INIs have formulated guidelines in line with the recommendations of the World Health Organization, the Indian Council of Medical Research and the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.

CONCLUSION: Common measures such as quarantine, social distancing, travel bans and mass gathering restrictions were adopted to prevent the spread of COVID-19 during the initial period. The INIs have developed standard operational policies and protocols on the management of COVID-19 based on the guidelines of the Government of India. A better understanding of these guidelines will contribute to effective implementation of national pandemic management.

PMID:35136767 | PMC:PMC8797130 | DOI: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_263_21